C指针原理(88)-LINUX应用(1)

发布时间:2016-12-10 14:59:26 编辑:www.fx114.net 分享查询网我要评论
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 一、在linux平台下,每个线程可有专用数据: #include <pthread.h> #include <stdio.h> struct mydata{        int x;        char c[4]; }; pthread_t pthreada,pthreadb; pthread_key_t datakey;//每个进程创建一次,不同的线程,同样名字的键指向不同的地方 void *cleanup_mydata(void *dataptr){//删除键时调用的     free((struct mydata*)dataptr); } void anum1(){     int rc;     struct  mydata *mdata=(struct mydata*)malloc(sizeof(struct mydata));     mdata->x=1;     mdata->c[0]='a';     mdata->c[1]='\0';      rc=pthread_setspecific(datakey,(void*)mdata);//设置键指向的值,注意这个mdata为值的内存,必须使用指针的方式指向内存      sleep(1);     struct  mydata *mmdata=(struct mydata*)pthread_getspecific(datakey);//取出键指向的值,注意这个mdata为值的内存,必须使用指针的方式指向内存      printf("-%d-%s\n",mmdata->x,mmdata->c);      fflush(stdout);  } void bnum2(){     int rc;     struct  mydata *mdata=(struct mydata*)malloc(sizeof(struct mydata));     mdata->x=2;     mdata->c[0]='b';     mdata->c[1]='\0';      rc=pthread_setspecific(datakey,(void*)mdata);//设置键指向的值,注意这个mdata为值的内存,必须使用指针的方式指向内存      sleep(1);     struct  mydata *mmdata=(struct mydata*)pthread_getspecific(datakey);//取出键指向的值,注意这个mdata为值的内存,必须使用指针的方式指向内存      printf("-%d-%s\n",mmdata->x,mmdata->c);     fflush(stdout);  } int main(void){     int rc;     rc=pthread_key_create(&datakey,cleanup_mydata);//为键删除时的清理函数     pthread_create(&pthreada,NULL,anum1,NULL);      pthread_create(&pthreadb,NULL,bnum2,NULL);       sleep(3);     pthread_join(pthreada,NULL);        pthread_join(pthreadb,NULL);       rc=pthread_key_delete(datakey); //仅删除键,但不删除值指向的内存,线程终止调用用户自定义的删除函数,本例中为cleanup_mydata } 二、摸拟shell 本博客所有内容是原创,如果转载请注明来源 http://blog.csdn.net/myhaspl/ 通过execlp函数来实现 ,execlp函数用于执行文件 其参数与说明为: #include <process.h> int execlp( const char * file, const char * arg0, const char * arg1, … const char * argn, NULL ); Arguments: file Used to construct a pathname that identifies the new process image file. If the fileargument contains a slash character, the file argument is used as the pathname for the file. Otherwise, the path prefix for this file is obtained by a search of the directories passed as the environment variable PATH. arg0, …, argn Pointers to NULL-terminated character strings. These strings constitute the argument list available to the new process image. Terminate the list terminated with a NULL pointer. The arg0 argument must point to a filename that's associated with the process. waitpid() wait for process termination  Function  SYNOPSIS DESCRIPTION PARAMETERS RETURN VALUES CONFORMANCE MULTITHREAD SAFETY LEVEL PORTING ISSUES AVAILABILITY SEE ALSO  SYNOPSIS #include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/wait.h> pid_t waitpid(pid_t pid, int *stat_loc, int options); DESCRIPTION The waitpid() function lets the calling process obtain status information about one of its child processes. If status information is available for two or more child processes, the order in which their status is reported is unspecified. If more than one thread is suspended in waitpid() awaiting termination of the same process, exactly one thread returns the process status at the time of the target child process termination. The other threads return -1, with errno set to ECHILD. If the calling process sets SIGCHLD to SIG_IGN, and the process has no unwaited for children that were transformed into zombie processes, the calling thread blocks until all of the children of the process terminate, at which time waitpid() returns -1 with errno set to ECHILD. If the parent process terminates without waiting for all of its child processes to terminate, the remaining child processes are assigned a new parent process ID corresponding to a system-level process. PARAMETERS   pid  Specifies a set of child processes for which the status is requested: If pid is equal to -1, status is requested for any child process. In this respect, waitpid() is equivalent to wait().If pid is greater than 0, it specifies the process ID of a single child process for which status is requested.If pid is 0, status is requested for any child process whose process group ID is equal to that of the calling process. This setting is not currently supported.If pid is less than -1, status is requested for any child process whose process group ID is equal to the absolute value of pid. This setting is not currently supported. stat_loc  Specifies the location to which the child process' exit status is stored. If NULL is passed, no exit status is returned. Otherwise, the following macros defined in <sys/wait.h> can be used to evaluate the returned status:   WIFEXITED(s)  Evaluates to a non-zero value if status was returned for a child process that exited normally. WEXITSTATUS(s)  If the value of WIFEXITED(s) is non-zero, this macro evaluates to the low-order 8 bits of the status argument that the child process passed to exit() or _exit(), or to the value that the child process returned from main(). WIFSIGNALED(s)  Evaluates to a non-zero value if status was returned for a child process that terminated due to receipt of a signal that was not caught. WTERMSIG(s)  If the value of WIFSIGNALED(s) is non-zero, this macro evaluates to the number of the signal that caused the termination of the child process. WIFCORED(s)  Evaluates to a non-zero value if status was returned for a child process that terminated due to receipt of a signal that was not caught, and whose default action is to dump core. WCOREDUMP(s)  Evaluates to a non-zero value if status was returned for a child process that terminated due to receipt of a signal that was not caught, and whose default action is to dump core. WCORESIG(s)  If the value of WIFCORED(s) is non-zero, this macro evaluates to the number of the signal that caused the termination of the child process. WIFSTOPPED(s)  Evaluates to a non-zero value if status was returned for a child process that is currently stopped. WSTOPSIG(s)  If the value of WIFSTOPPED(s) is non-zero, this macro evaluates to the number of the signal that caused the child process to stop.   options  Is the bitwise inclusive-OR of zero or more of the following flags, defined in <sys/wait.h>:   WNOHANG  The waitpid() function does not suspend execution of the calling thread if status is not immediately available for one of the child processes specified by pid. WUNTRACED  The status of any child processes specified by pid that are stopped, and whose status has not yet been reported since they stopped, is also reported to the requesting thread. This value is currently not supported, and is ignored.     RETURN VALUES If waitpid() was invoked with WNOHANG set in options, and there are children specified by pid for which status is not available, waitpid() returns 0. If WNOHANG was not set,waitpid() returns the process ID of a child when the status of that child is available. Otherwise, it returns -1 and sets errno to one of the following values:   ECHILD  The process or process group specified by pid does not exist or is not a child of the calling process. EFAULT  stat_loc is not a writable address. EINTR  The function was interrupted by a signal. The value of the location pointed to by stat_loc is undefined. EINVAL  The options argument is not valid. ENOSYS  pid specifies a process group (0 or less than -1), which is not currently supported.   程序如下: #include <stdio.h> #include <sys/wait.h> #define MAXLINE 100 //execlp模拟SHELL int main(void){    int pid;    int jg,status,len;    char buf[MAXLINE];    printf("\n##myhaspl~~");//自定义的shell提示符    while(fgets(buf,MAXLINE,stdin)!=NULL){//读入一行         len=strlen(buf)-1;         if (buf[len]=='\n'){        //去除换行符,execlp只接受以NULL结尾             buf[len]=0;                     }         pid=fork();         if (pid<0){            printf("fork error!\n");         }         else if (pid==0){//子进程            printf("\n");                    if (buf[0]=='Q'&&strlen(buf)==1){//键入Q表示退出shell                          exit(200);             }            jg=execlp(buf,buf,(char *)0);            if (jg==-1){//错误               printf("不能执行:%s\n",buf);                   exit(127);                      }                             exit(0);                }         if ((jg==waitpid(pid,&status,0))<0){//父进程             printf("waitpid error\n");         }         if (WEXITSTATUS(status)==200) {//WEXITSTATUS计算返回值                 printf("退出....\n");                   break;                   }         printf("\n##myhaspl~~");//自定义的shell提示符    } exit(0); } 执行: [email protected]:~/private/mytest$ gcc -o test21 test21.c test21.c: In function ‘main’: test21.c:15: warning: incompatible implicit declaration of built-in function ‘strlen’ test21.c:26: warning: incompatible implicit declaration of built-in function ‘exit’ test21.c:28: warning: incompatible implicit declaration of built-in function ‘execlp’ test21.c:31: warning: incompatible implicit declaration of built-in function ‘exit’ test21.c:33: warning: incompatible implicit declaration of built-in function ‘exit’ test21.c:44: warning: incompatible implicit declaration of built-in function ‘exit’ [email protected]:~/private/mytest$ ./test21 ##myhaspl~~ls 1     pvmtest   test20   testbswap  testmul.s    x ex.txt     test      test20.c    testbswap.s  testmutex    x.c gmon.out     test12.s  test21   test.c  testmutex.c  xx hello     test13    test21.c    test.c~  testpopen    xx.c hello.c      test13.c  test2.c   testmes  testpopen.c  xx.txt hello.o      test15    test6   testmes.c  testpvm1.c   xxx.txt hello.s      test15.c  test66   testmesrecv  testpvm2.c   xxxx.txt main     test19    test66.s    testmesrecv.c  testpx       xy main.c     test19.c  test6.c   testmessnd  testpx1 main.c~      test1.c   testasmc    testmessnd.c   testpx1.s myhello.txt  test2     testasmc.c  testmul  testpx.s ##myhaspl~~xx 不能执行:xx ##myhaspl~~Q 退出.... 本博客所有内容是原创,如果转载请注明来源 http://blog.csdn.net/myhaspl/

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