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Linux命令缩写   ls:list(列出目录内容)   cd:Change Directory(改变目录)   su:switch user 切换用户   rpm:redhat package manager 红帽子打包管理器   pwd:print work directory 打印当前目录显示出当前工作目录的绝对路径   ps: process status(进程状态,类似于windows的任务管理器) 常用参数:-auxf   ps -auxf 显示进程状态   df: disk free 其功能是显示磁盘可用空间数目信息及空间结点信息。换句话说,就是报告在任何安装的设备或目录中,还剩多少自由的空间。  rpm:即RedHat Package Management,是RedHat的发明之一   rmdir:Remove Directory(删除目录)   rm:Remove(删除目录或文件)   cat: concatenate连锁 cat file1 file2>>file3把文件1和文件2的内容联合起来放到file3中   insmod: install module,载入模块   ln -s : link -soft 创建一个软链接,相当于创建一个快捷方式   mkdir:Make Directory(创建目录   touch   man: Manual   pwd:Print working directory   su:Swith user   cd:Change directory   ls:List files   ps:Process Status   mkdir:Make directory   rmdir:Remove directory   mkfs: Make file system   fsck:File system check   cat: Concatenate   uname: Unix name   df: Disk free   du: Disk usage   lsmod: List modules   mv: Move file   rm: Remove file   cp: Copy file   ln: Link files   fg: Foreground   bg: Background   chown: Change owner   chgrp: Change group   chmod: Change mode   umount: Unmount   dd: 本来应根据其功能描述“Convert an copy”命名为“cc”,但“cc”已经被用以代表“C Complier”,所以命名为“dd”   tar:Tape archive   ldd:List dynamic dependencies   insmod:Install module   rmmod:Remove module   lsmod:List module   文件结尾的"rc"(如.bashrc、.xinitrc等):Resource configuration   Knnxxx / Snnxxx(位于rcx.d目录下):K(Kill);S(Service);nn(执行顺序号);xxx(服务标识)   .a(扩展名a):Archive,static library   .so(扩展名so):Shared object,dynamically linked library   .o(扩展名o):Object file,complied result of C/C++ source file   RPM:Red hat package manager   dpkg:Debian package manager   apt:Advanced package tool(Debian或基于Debian的发行版中提供)     bin = BINaries   /dev = DEVices   /etc = ETCetera   /lib = LIBrary   /proc = PROCesses   /sbin = Superuser BINaries   /tmp = TeMPorary   /usr = Unix Shared Resources   /var = VARiable ?   FIFO = First In, First Out   GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader   IFS = Internal Field Seperators   LILO = LInux LOader   MySQL = My是最初作者女儿的名字,SQL = Structured Query Language   PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP Hypertext Preprocessor   PS = Prompt String   Perl = "Pratical Extraction and Report Language" = "Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister"   Python 得名于电视剧Monty Python's Flying Circus   Tcl = Tool Command Language   Tk = ToolKit   VT = Video Terminal   YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool   apache = "a patchy" server   apt = Advanced Packaging Tool   ar = archiver   as = assembler   awk = "Aho Weiberger and Kernighan" 三个作者的姓的第一个字母   bash = Bourne Again SHell   bc = Basic (Better) Calculator   bg = BackGround   biff = 作者Heidi Stettner在U.C.Berkely养的一条狗,喜欢对邮递员汪汪叫。   cal = CALendar   cat = CATenate   cd = Change Directory   chgrp = CHange GRouP   chmod = CHange MODe   chown = CHange OWNer   chsh = CHange SHell   cmp = compare   cobra = Common Object Request Broker Architecture   comm = common   cp = CoPy   cpio = CoPy In and Out   cpp = C Pre Processor   cron = Chronos 希腊文时间   cups = Common Unix Printing System   cvs = Current Version System   daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor   dc = Desk Calculator   dd = Disk Dump   df = Disk Free   diff = DIFFerence   dmesg = diagnostic message   du = Disk Usage   ed = editor   egrep = Extended GREP   elf = Extensible Linking Format   elm = ELectronic Mail   emacs = Editor MACroS   eval = EVALuate   ex = EXtended   exec = EXECute   fd = file descriptors   fg = ForeGround   fgrep = Fixed GREP   fmt = format   fsck = File System ChecK   fstab = FileSystem TABle   fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager   gawk = GNU AWK   gpg = GNU Privacy Guard   groff = GNU troff   hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer   joe = Joe's Own Editor   ksh = Korn SHell   lame = Lame Ain't an MP3 Encoder   lex = LEXical analyser   lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of Irritating Superfluous Parentheses   ln = LiNk   lpr = Line PRint   ls = list   lsof = LiSt Open Files   m4 = Macro processor Version 4   man = MANual pages   mawk = Mike Brennan's AWK   mc = Midnight Commander   mkfs = MaKe FileSystem   mknod = MaKe NODe   motd = Message of The Day   mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa   mtab = Mount TABle   mv = MoVe   nano = Nano's ANOther editor   nawk = New AWK   nl = Number of Lines   nm = names   nohup = No HangUP   nroff = New ROFF   od = Octal Dump   passwd = PASSWorD   pg = pager   pico = PIne's message COmposition editor   pine = "Program for Internet News & Email" = "Pine is not Elm"   ping = 拟声又 = Packet InterNet Grouper   pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability   popd = POP Directory   pr = pre   printf = PRINT Formatted   ps = Processes Status   pty = pseudo tty   pushd = PUSH Directory   pwd = Print Working Directory   rc = runcom = run command, rc还是plan9的shell   rev = REVerse   rm = ReMove   rn = Read News   roff = RunOFF   rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat Package Manager   rsh, rlogin, rvim中的r = Remote   rxvt = ouR XVT   seamoneky = 我   sed = Stream EDitor   seq = SEQuence   shar = SHell ARchive   slrn = S-Lang rn   ssh = Secure SHell   ssl = Secure Sockets Layer   stty = Set TTY   su = Substitute User   svn = SubVersioN   tar = Tape ARchive   tcsh = TENEX C shell   tee = T (T形水管接口)   telnet = TEminaL over Network   termcap = terminal capability   terminfo = terminal information   tex = τέχνη的缩写,希腊文art   tr = traslate   troff = Typesetter new ROFF   tsort = Topological SORT   tty = TeleTypewriter   twm = Tom's Window Manager   tz = TimeZone   udev = Userspace DEV   ulimit = User's LIMIT   umask = User's MASK   uniq = UNIQue   vi = VIsual = Very Inconvenient   vim = Vi IMproved   wall = write all   wc = Word Count   wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator   xargs = eXtended ARGuments   xdm = X Display Manager   xlfd = X Logical Font Description   xmms = X Multimedia System   xrdb = X Resources DataBase   xwd = X Window Dump   yacc = yet another compiler compiler   Fish = the Friendly Interactive SHell   su = Switch User   MIME = Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions   ECMA = European Computer Manufacturers Association

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关键词: Linux命令缩写