自动化测试中用到的一些功能类(纯手工整理)

发布时间:2017-6-26 8:10:34 编辑:www.fx114.net 分享查询网我要评论
本篇文章主要介绍了"自动化测试中用到的一些功能类(纯手工整理)",主要涉及到自动化测试中用到的一些功能类(纯手工整理)方面的内容,对于自动化测试中用到的一些功能类(纯手工整理)感兴趣的同学可以参考一下。

1、WebDriver处理一些弹窗 import java.util.Set; import org.openqa.selenium.Alert; import org.openqa.selenium.By; import org.openqa.selenium.NoAlertPresentException; import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver; import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriverException; import org.openqa.selenium.ie.InternetExplorerDriver; public class AlertOperate { static WebDriver dr = new InternetExplorerDriver(); public static void main(String args[]) throws InterruptedException{ dr.get("www.baidu.com"); dr.findElement(By.id("lb")).click(); try { Thread.sleep(2000); } catch (InterruptedException e) { // TODO Auto-generated catch block e.printStackTrace(); } tanchukuang(); } //处理潜在的1个alert(javascript弹出框) public boolean dealPotentialAlert(WebDriver driver,boolean option) { boolean flag = false; try { Alert alert = driver.switchTo().alert(); if (null == alert) throw new NoAlertPresentException(); try { if (option) { alert.accept(); System.out.println("Accept the alert: " + alert.getText()); } else { alert.dismiss(); System.out.println("Dismiss the alert: " + alert.getText()); } flag = true; } catch (WebDriverException ex) { if (ex.getMessage().startsWith("Could not find")) System.out.println("There is no alert appear!"); else throw ex; } } catch (NoAlertPresentException e) { System.out.println("There is no alert appear!"); } return flag; } //处理非JS弹窗 public static boolean testNewWindow(){ //当前窗口句柄 String currentHandle = dr.getWindowHandle(); //得到所有窗口的句柄 Set<String> handles = dr.getWindowHandles(); handles.remove(currentHandle); if (handles.size() > 0) { try{ dr.switchTo().window(handles.iterator().next()); //dr.switchTo().window(dr.getWindowHandles().iterator().next()); return true; }catch(Exception e){ System.out.println(e.getMessage()); return false; } } System.out.println("Did not find window"); return false; } //一般弹出窗口 public static void tanchukuang() throws InterruptedException{ //得到所有窗口 Set<String> allWindowsId = dr.getWindowHandles(); //通过查找页面内容得到新的窗口 for(String windowId : allWindowsId){ dr.switchTo().window(windowId); Thread.sleep(1000); dr.findElement(By.id("TANGRAM__PSP_10__userName")).sendKeys("test"); //第一个按钮是确定按钮 //dr.findElement(By.xpath("//button[@type='button']")).click(); //System.out.println(dr.switchTo().window(windowId).getTitle()); break; } } } 2、一些数据类型转换 public class Chanage { //int to String public static String IntToString(int i){ String s = Integer.toString(i); return s; } //String to int public static int StringToInt(String s){ int i = Integer.parseInt(s); return i; } } 3、和数据库交互 import java.sql.DriverManager; import java.sql.ResultSet; import java.sql.SQLException; import java.sql.Statement; import com.mysql.jdbc.Connection; class ConnMySQL { Connection conn; Statement stmt; ResultSet rs1; int rs2; public void connection() throws Exception{ String db = "meeting"; String driver = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"; String url = "jdbc:mysql://172.16.3.9:3306/"+db; String uname = "admin"; String pwd = "itserver"; //加载驱动 Class.forName(driver); //连接数据库 conn = (Connection) DriverManager.getConnection(url, uname, pwd); if(!conn.isClosed()){ //System.out.println("连接成功!"); } } //执行查询操作返回ResultSet类型 public void executeSql0(String sql) throws SQLException{ //创建语句对象,用来执行sql语句 stmt = conn.createStatement(); //执行sql rs1 = stmt.executeQuery(sql); while(rs1.next()){ String name = rs1.getString("meetingId"); String subject = rs1.getString("e164"); String regionName = rs1.getString("state"); System.out.println(name+" "+subject+" "+regionName); } rs1.close(); } //执行查询操作返回ResultSet类型 public void executeSql1(String sql) throws SQLException{ //创建语句对象,用来执行sql语句 stmt = conn.createStatement(); //执行sql rs1 = stmt.executeQuery(sql); while(rs1.next()){ String id = rs1.getString("id"); String subject = rs1.getString("subject"); String startTime = rs1.getString("startTime"); String endTime = rs1.getString("endTime"); String organiger = rs1.getString("organiger"); String status = rs1.getString("status"); System.out.println(id+" "+subject+" "+startTime+" "+endTime+" "+organiger+" "+status); } rs1.close(); conn.close(); } //执行增删改操作返回int类型 public void executeSql2(String sql) throws SQLException{ stmt = conn.createStatement(); rs2 = stmt.executeUpdate(sql); stmt.close(); conn.close(); } } 4、创建EXCEL // 生成Excel的类 import java.io.File; import jxl.Workbook; import jxl.write.Label; import jxl.write.WritableSheet; import jxl.write.WritableWorkbook; public class CreateExcel{ public static void main(String args[]){ //Create_Excel c_e = new Create_Excel(); //c_e.createexcel(); //System.out.printf("success!!"); } } class Create_Excel{ public void createexcel(){ try{ // 打开文件 WritableWorkbook book = Workbook.createWorkbook(new File("test.xls")); // 生成名为“第一页”的工作表,参数0表示这是第一页 WritableSheet sheet = book.createSheet("第一页",0); // 在Label对象的构造子中指名单元格位置是第一列第一行(0,0) // 以及单元格内容为test Label label1 = new Label(0,0,"test"); Label label2 = new Label(1,1,"test"); // 将定义好的单元格添加到工作表中 sheet.addCell(label1); sheet.addCell(label2); /* * 生成一个保存数字的单元格 必须使用Number的完整包路径,否则有语法歧义 单元格位置是第二列,第一行,值为555 */ jxl.write.Number number = new jxl.write.Number(1,0,555); sheet.addCell(number); // 写入数据并关闭文件 book.write(); book.close(); }catch(Exception e){ System.out.println(e); } } } 5、读取EXCEL // 读取Excel的类 import java.io.File; import jxl.Cell; import jxl.Sheet; import jxl.Workbook; /* * 参数1:第几个工作表 * 参数2:第几列 * 参数3:第几行 * 参数都从0开始 * 返回值:当前单元格的数据 */ public class ReadExcel{ static String result; static Workbook book; static Sheet sheet; public static void main(String args[]){ //readExcel(0,1,0); excelNum(0); } public static String readExcel(int no,int row,int line){ try{ book = Workbook.getWorkbook(new File("test.xls")); // 获得第一个工作表对象 sheet = book.getSheet(no); // 得到第一列第一行的单元格 Cell cell1 = sheet.getCell(row,line); result = cell1.getContents(); System.out.println(result); book.close(); }catch(Exception e){ System.out.println(e); } return result; } //返回行数 public static int excelNum(int no){ int col = 0; int row = 0; try{ book = Workbook.getWorkbook(new File("test.xls")); sheet = book.getSheet(no); //得到行数和列数 col = sheet.getColumns(); //列数 row = sheet.getRows(); //行数 System.out.println(col+" 列"); System.out.println(row+" 行"); book.close(); }catch(Exception e){ System.out.println(e); } return row; } } 6、更新EXCEL import java.io.File; import jxl.Workbook; import jxl.write.Label; import jxl.write.WritableSheet; import jxl.write.WritableWorkbook; public class UpdateExcel{ public static void main(String args[]){ try{ // Excel获得文件 Workbook wb = Workbook.getWorkbook(new File("test.xls")); // 打开一个文件的副本,并且指定数据写回到原文件 WritableWorkbook book = Workbook.createWorkbook(new File("test.xls"),wb); // 添加一个工作表 WritableSheet sheet = book.createSheet("第二页",1); sheet.addCell(new Label(0,0,"第二页的测试数据")); book.write(); book.close(); }catch(Exception e){ System.out.println(e); } } } 7、WebDriver判断元素是否存在 import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit; import org.openqa.selenium.By; import org.openqa.selenium.NoSuchElementException; import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver; import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement; import org.openqa.selenium.ie.InternetExplorerDriver; /* * 判断一个元素是否存在 */ public class ElementIsExsit { //查找一个元素是否存在 public boolean isElementExsit(WebDriver driver, By locator) { boolean flag = false; try { WebElement element=driver.findElement(locator); //flag = true; flag=null!=element; System.out.println("元素: " + locator.toString()+ " 存在!"); }catch(NoSuchElementException e) { System.out.println("元素: " + locator.toString()+ " 不存在!"); flag = false; } return flag; } //如何使用上面的方法 public void test(){ WebDriver driver = new InternetExplorerDriver(); //显性等待 driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS); By locator = By.id("id"); isElementExsit(driver,locator); } } 8、java下载图片 import java.io.File; import java.io.FileOutputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException; import java.net.URI; import java.net.URISyntaxException; import java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.Date; import java.util.List; import org.apache.http.HttpEntity; import org.apache.http.HttpResponse; import org.apache.http.NameValuePair; import org.apache.http.client.ClientProtocolException; import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient; import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity; import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet; import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient; import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair; import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils; import com.sun.org.apache.xerces.internal.impl.xpath.regex.ParseException; public class Movision_verifyImage { private static HttpClient hc = new DefaultHttpClient(); public static void main(String args[]) throws ClientProtocolException, IOException, ParseException, URISyntaxException{ //获取图片验证码页面随机参数(当前时间) long date = new Date().getTime(); System.out.println(date); List<NameValuePair> params = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>(); params.add(new BasicNameValuePair("random",Long.toString(date))); get("http://172.16.3.6/admin/portalVerifyImage",params); } /* * 带参数的GET请求 * */ public static void get(String url,List<NameValuePair> params) throws ParseException, UnsupportedEncodingException, IOException, URISyntaxException{ //get请求 HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet(url); //设置参数 String str = EntityUtils.toString(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(params)); httpget.setURI(new URI(httpget.getURI().toString()+"?"+str)); //发送请求 HttpResponse re = hc.execute(httpget); //获取相应实体 HttpEntity entity = re.getEntity(); if (entity != null && entity.isStreaming()) { File storeFile = new File("F:\\test.jpg"); FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(storeFile); // 将取得的文件文件流写入目标文件 InputStream is = entity.getContent(); byte[] b = new byte[1024]; int j = 0; while ((j = is.read(b)) != -1) { fos.write(b, 0, j); } fos.flush(); fos.close(); } else { System.out.println("[" + url + "] 未找到."); return; } //关闭连接 hc.getConnectionManager().shutdown(); } } 9、java远程登录linux并执行命令 import java.io.BufferedReader; import java.io.FileWriter; import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.InputStreamReader; import ch.ethz.ssh2.Connection; import ch.ethz.ssh2.Session; import ch.ethz.ssh2.StreamGobbler; /* * 远程调用linux下的vmstat命令,并将结果完整写入文件中 */ public class SSHTest { /** * @param args * @throws IOException */ /* * 主机地址、端口、用户名、密码 */ static String hostName = "172.16.3.9"; static int port = 2222; static String userName = "root"; static String pwd = "kedats"; public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { // TODO Auto-generated method stub System.out.println("开始连接主机"); Connection conn = new Connection(hostName, port); conn.connect(); boolean isdenglu = conn.authenticateWithPassword(userName, pwd); if (isdenglu) { System.out.println("ssh2登陆成功"); } else { System.out.println("登陆失败"); } //System.out.println("当前目录:"); Session ses = conn.openSession(); ses.execCommand("vmstat 2"); InputStream stdout = new StreamGobbler(ses.getStdout()); BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(stdout)); FileWriter fw = new FileWriter("F:\\vmstat.txt"); while (true) { String line = br.readLine(); if (line == null) break; System.out.println(line); fw.write(line+"\r\n",0,line.length()+2); fw.flush(); // OutputStreamWriter osw = new OutputStreamWriter(new FileOutputStream("data2.txt")); // osw.write(line,0,line.length()); // osw.flush(); // PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(new FileOutputStream("hello3.txt")),true); // pw.println(line); } System.out.println("运行结果:"+ses.getExitStatus()); //关闭文件 fw.close(); ses.close(); conn.close(); } } 10、java将控制台打印写入日志文件 import java.io.File; import java.io.FileWriter; import java.io.IOException; import java.util.Calendar; import java.util.Date; import java.util.GregorianCalendar; public class ToLog { static GregorianCalendar time = new GregorianCalendar(); // int year = time.get(Calendar.YEAR); //得到日期的年份 // int day = time.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH); //得到日期的天 // int month = time.get(Calendar.MONTH)+1; //得到日期的月份 // int weekDay = time.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_WEEK); //得到日期为星期几 // int weekOfYear = time.get(Calendar.WEEK_OF_YEAR); //得到日期为年的第几周 // int weekOfMonth = time.get(Calendar.WEEK_OF_MONTH); //得到日期为月的第几周 private static final String getToday = time.get(Calendar.YEAR)+"-"+(time.get(Calendar.MONTH)+1)+"-"+time.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH)+"-"; private static final String filePath = "C:\\Documents and Settings\\Administrator\\workspace\\Movision_script\\logs\\"+getToday+"log.html"; //写入文件 public void toLog(String message){ StackTraceElement stack[] = (new Throwable()).getStackTrace(); StackTraceElement s = stack[1]; String headerMessage = s.getClassName()+"."+s.getMethodName()+"()"+"★LineNum:"+s.getLineNumber()+"<br />★Message:    "; headerMessage = addDateTimeHeader(headerMessage); message = headerMessage + message + "<br />========================================================================================================================<br /><br />"; FileWriter fw = null; File file = null; try{ file = new File(filePath); fw = new FileWriter(file,true); fw.write(message); }catch(IOException ie){ ie.printStackTrace(); }finally{ try{ fw.close(); }catch(IOException ie){ ie.printStackTrace(); } } } @SuppressWarnings("deprecation") public String addDateTimeHeader(String headerMessage) { String dateTimeHeader = new Date().toLocaleString()+"★"; return dateTimeHeader += headerMessage; } // public static void main(String args[]){ // ToLog log = new ToLog(); // String message = "这只是测试"; // log.toLog(message); // } } 写分享这么多吧~各位,晚安!

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