android中getSystemService详解

发布时间:2016-12-9 10:22:02 编辑:www.fx114.net 分享查询网我要评论
本篇文章主要介绍了"android中getSystemService详解",主要涉及到android中getSystemService详解方面的内容,对于android中getSystemService详解感兴趣的同学可以参考一下。

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_71d1e4fc0100o8qr.html http://blog.csdn.net/bianhaohui/article/details/6220135     android的后台运行在很多service,它们在系统启动时被SystemServer开启,支持系统的正常工作,比如MountService监听是否有SD卡安装及移除,ClipboardService提供剪切板功能,PackageManagerService提供软件包的安装移除及查看等等,应用程序可以通过系统提供的Manager接口来访问这些Service提供的数据。     getSystemService是Android很重要的一个API,它是Activity的一个方法,根据传入的NAME来取得对应的Object,然后转换成相应的服务对象。以下介绍系统相应的服务。            传入的Name           |           返回的对象              |         说明 WINDOW_SERVICE                      WindowManager                    管理打开的窗口程序 LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE             LayoutInflater                   取得xml里定义的view ACTIVITY_SERVICE                    ActivityManager                  管理应用程序的系统状态 POWER_SERVICE                       PowerManger                      电源的服务 ALARM_SERVICE                       AlarmManager                     闹钟的服务 NOTIFICATION_SERVICE                NotificationManager              状态栏的服务 KEYGUARD_SERVICE                    KeyguardManager                  键盘锁的服务 LOCATION_SERVICE                    LocationManager                  位置的服务,如GPS SEARCH_SERVICE                      SearchManager                    搜索的服务 VEBRATOR_SERVICE                    Vebrator                         手机震动的服务 CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE                Connectivity                     网络连接的服务 WIFI_SERVICE                        WifiManager                      Wi-Fi服务 TELEPHONY_SERVICE                   TeleponyManager                  电话服务 Currently available names are: WINDOW_SERVICE ("window")  The top-level window manager in which you can place custom windows. The returned object is a WindowManager.  LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE ("layout_inflater") A LayoutInflater for inflating layout resources in this context.  ACTIVITY_SERVICE ("activity") A ActivityManager for interacting with the global activity state of the system.  POWER_SERVICE ("power") A PowerManager for controlling power management.  ALARM_SERVICE ("alarm") A AlarmManager for receiving intents at the time of your choosing.  NOTIFICATION_SERVICE ("notification") A NotificationManager for informing the user of background events.  KEYGUARD_SERVICE ("keyguard") A KeyguardManager for controlling keyguard.  LOCATION_SERVICE ("location") A LocationManager for controlling location (e.g., GPS) updates.  SEARCH_SERVICE ("search") A SearchManager for handling search.  VIBRATOR_SERVICE ("vibrator") A Vibrator for interacting with the vibrator hardware.  CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE ("connection") A ConnectivityManager for handling management of network connections.  WIFI_SERVICE ("wifi") A WifiManager for management of Wi-Fi connectivity.  INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE ("input_method") An InputMethodManager for management of input methods.  UI_MODE_SERVICE ("uimode") An UiModeManager for controlling UI modes.  DOWNLOAD_SERVICE ("download") A DownloadManager for requesting HTTP downloads Note: System services obtained via this API may be closely associated with the Context in which they are obtained from. In general, do not share the service objects between various different contexts (Activities, Applications, Services, Providers, etc.) 一个例子: 在android 获取手机信息的时候用到这样一段代码:   public class BasicInfo {         public String getPhoneNumber()         {                 // 获取手机号 MSISDN,很可能为空                 TelephonyManager tm = (TelephonyManager) getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE);                 StringBuffer inf = new StringBuffer();                 switch(tm.getSimState()){ //getSimState()取得sim的状态  有下面6中状态                           case TelephonyManager.SIM_STATE_ABSENT :inf.append("无卡");return inf.toString();                            case TelephonyManager.SIM_STATE_UNKNOWN :inf.append("未知状态");return inf.toString();                          case TelephonyManager.SIM_STATE_NETWORK_LOCKED :inf.append("需要NetworkPIN解锁");return inf.toString();                           case TelephonyManager.SIM_STATE_PIN_REQUIRED :inf.append("需要PIN解锁");return inf.toString();                           case TelephonyManager.SIM_STATE_PUK_REQUIRED :inf.append("需要PUK解锁");return inf.toString();                           case TelephonyManager.SIM_STATE_READY :break;           }           String phoneNumber = tm.getLine1Number();         return phoneNumber; } 在另外一个activity类里面调用的时候 总是出现进程关闭 无法获取手机信息。后来发现 getSystemService这个方法基于context,只有存在TextView控件的窗体中这个方法才会被激活~   于是: 1. 给BasicInfo 添加一个带参数Context的构造函数: public BasicInfo (Context context) {         this.context = context; }   2. getPhoneNumber()函数里面改成: context.getSystemService(Context.TELEPHONY_SERVIC);   3. 在调用类里面 BasicInfo bi = new BasicInfo(this); bi.getPhoneNumber();

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