Npoi导出excel整理(附源码)

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http://www.cnblogs.com/WikStone/archive/2013/01/12/2857466.html 前些日子做了一个简单的winform程序,需要导出的功能,刚开始省事直接使用微软的组件,但是导出之后发现效率极其低下,绝对像web那样使用npoi组件,因此简单的进行了整理,包括直接根据DataTable导出excel及DataGridview导出excel,版本是1.2.4,下面贴下主要代码两种方式,1、NPOI导出excel、 2、普通的导出excel 下面贴下主要代码:NPOI导出 /// <summary> /// DataTable导出到Excel文件 /// </summary> /// <param name="dtSource">源DataTable</param> /// <param name="strHeaderText">表头文本</param> /// <param name="strFileName">保存位置</param> public static void DataTableToExcel(DataTable dtSource, string strHeaderText, string strFileName) { using (MemoryStream ms = DataTableToExcel(dtSource, strHeaderText)) { using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(strFileName, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write)) { byte[] data = ms.ToArray(); fs.Write(data, 0, data.Length); fs.Flush(); } } } /// <summary> /// DataTable导出到Excel的MemoryStream /// </summary> /// <param name="dtSource">源DataTable</param> /// <param name="strHeaderText">表头文本</param> public static MemoryStream DataTableToExcel(DataTable dtSource, string strHeaderText) { HSSFWorkbook workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(); HSSFSheet sheet = (HSSFSheet)workbook.CreateSheet(); #region 右击文件 属性信息 { DocumentSummaryInformation dsi = PropertySetFactory.CreateDocumentSummaryInformation(); dsi.Company = "NPOI"; workbook.DocumentSummaryInformation = dsi; SummaryInformation si = PropertySetFactory.CreateSummaryInformation(); si.Author = "文件作者信息"; //填加xls文件作者信息 si.ApplicationName = "创建程序信息"; //填加xls文件创建程序信息 si.LastAuthor = "最后保存者信息"; //填加xls文件最后保存者信息 si.Comments = "作者信息"; //填加xls文件作者信息 si.Title = "标题信息"; //填加xls文件标题信息 si.Subject = "主题信息";//填加文件主题信息 si.CreateDateTime = System.DateTime.Now; workbook.SummaryInformation = si; } #endregion HSSFCellStyle dateStyle = (HSSFCellStyle)workbook.CreateCellStyle(); HSSFDataFormat format = (HSSFDataFormat)workbook.CreateDataFormat(); dateStyle.DataFormat = format.GetFormat("yyyy-mm-dd"); //取得列宽 int[] arrColWidth = new int[dtSource.Columns.Count]; foreach (DataColumn item in dtSource.Columns) { arrColWidth[item.Ordinal] = Encoding.GetEncoding(936).GetBytes(item.ColumnName.ToString()).Length; } for (int i = 0; i < dtSource.Rows.Count; i++) { for (int j = 0; j < dtSource.Columns.Count; j++) { int intTemp = Encoding.GetEncoding(936).GetBytes(dtSource.Rows[i][j].ToString()).Length; if (intTemp > arrColWidth[j]) { arrColWidth[j] = intTemp; } } } int rowIndex = 0; foreach (DataRow row in dtSource.Rows) { #region 新建表,填充表头,填充列头,样式 if (rowIndex == 65535 || rowIndex == 0) { if (rowIndex != 0) { sheet = (HSSFSheet)workbook.CreateSheet(); } #region 表头及样式 { HSSFRow headerRow = (HSSFRow)sheet.CreateRow(0); headerRow.HeightInPoints = 25; headerRow.CreateCell(0).SetCellValue(strHeaderText); HSSFCellStyle headStyle = (HSSFCellStyle)workbook.CreateCellStyle(); // headStyle.Alignment = CellHorizontalAlignment.CENTER; HSSFFont font = (HSSFFont)workbook.CreateFont(); font.FontHeightInPoints = 20; font.Boldweight = 700; headStyle.SetFont(font); headerRow.GetCell(0).CellStyle = headStyle; // sheet.AddMergedRegion(new Region(0, 0, 0, dtSource.Columns.Count - 1)); //headerRow.Dispose(); } #endregion #region 列头及样式 { HSSFRow headerRow = (HSSFRow)sheet.CreateRow(1); HSSFCellStyle headStyle = (HSSFCellStyle)workbook.CreateCellStyle(); //headStyle.Alignment = CellHorizontalAlignment.CENTER; HSSFFont font = (HSSFFont)workbook.CreateFont(); font.FontHeightInPoints = 10; font.Boldweight = 700; headStyle.SetFont(font); foreach (DataColumn column in dtSource.Columns) { headerRow.CreateCell(column.Ordinal).SetCellValue(column.ColumnName); headerRow.GetCell(column.Ordinal).CellStyle = headStyle; //设置列宽 sheet.SetColumnWidth(column.Ordinal, (arrColWidth[column.Ordinal] + 1) * 256); } // headerRow.Dispose(); } #endregion rowIndex = 2; } #endregion #region 填充内容 HSSFRow dataRow = (HSSFRow)sheet.CreateRow(rowIndex); foreach (DataColumn column in dtSource.Columns) { HSSFCell newCell =(HSSFCell) dataRow.CreateCell(column.Ordinal); string drValue = row[column].ToString(); switch (column.DataType.ToString()) { case "System.String"://字符串类型 newCell.SetCellValue(drValue); break; case "System.DateTime"://日期类型 System.DateTime dateV; System.DateTime.TryParse(drValue, out dateV); newCell.SetCellValue(dateV); newCell.CellStyle = dateStyle;//格式化显示 break; case "System.Boolean"://布尔型 bool boolV = false; bool.TryParse(drValue, out boolV); newCell.SetCellValue(boolV); break; case "System.Int16"://整型 case "System.Int32": case "System.Int64": case "System.Byte": int intV = 0; int.TryParse(drValue, out intV); newCell.SetCellValue(intV); break; case "System.Decimal"://浮点型 case "System.Double": double doubV = 0; double.TryParse(drValue, out doubV); newCell.SetCellValue(doubV); break; case "System.DBNull"://空值处理 newCell.SetCellValue(""); break; default: newCell.SetCellValue(""); break; } } #endregion rowIndex++; } using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream()) { workbook.Write(ms); ms.Flush(); ms.Position = 0; sheet.Dispose(); //workbook.Dispose();//一般只用写这一个就OK了,他会遍历并释放所有资源,但当前版本有问题所以只释放sheet return ms; } } 普通excel导出 #region 导出excel public static void ExportExcel(string fileName, DataGridView myDGV,bool isShowDialog) { string saveFileName = ""; if (isShowDialog) { //bool fileSaved = false; SaveFileDialog saveDialog = new SaveFileDialog(); saveDialog.DefaultExt = "xls"; saveDialog.Filter = "Excel文件|*.xls"; saveDialog.FileName = fileName; saveDialog.ShowDialog(); saveFileName = saveDialog.FileName; if (saveFileName.IndexOf(":") < 0) return; //被点了取消 } else { // saveFileName = Application.StartupPath + @"\导出记录\" + fileName + ".xls"; saveFileName = fileName; } Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application xlApp = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application(); if (xlApp == null) { MessageBox.Show("无法创建Excel对象,可能您的机子未安装Excel"); return; } Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Workbooks workbooks = xlApp.Workbooks; Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Workbook workbook = workbooks.Add(Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.XlWBATemplate.xlWBATWorksheet); Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Worksheet worksheet = (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Worksheet)workbook.Worksheets[1];//取得sheet1 //写入标题 for (int i = 0; i < myDGV.ColumnCount; i++) { worksheet.Cells[1, i + 1] = myDGV.Columns[i].HeaderText; } //写入数值 for (int r = 0; r < myDGV.Rows.Count; r++) { for (int i = 0; i < myDGV.ColumnCount; i++) { if (myDGV[i, r].ValueType == typeof(string) || myDGV[i, r].ValueType == typeof(DateTime))//这里就是验证DataGridView单元格中的类型,如果是string或是DataTime类型,则在放入缓 存时在该内容前加入" "; { worksheet.Cells[r + 2, i + 1] = "'" + myDGV.Rows[r].Cells[i].Value; } else { worksheet.Cells[r + 2, i + 1] = myDGV.Rows[r].Cells[i].Value; } } System.Windows.Forms.Application.DoEvents(); } worksheet.Columns.EntireColumn.AutoFit();//列宽自适应 //if (Microsoft.Office.Interop.cmbxType.Text != "Notification") //{ // Excel.Range rg = worksheet.get_Range(worksheet.Cells[2, 2], worksheet.Cells[ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count + 1, 2]); // rg.NumberFormat = "00000000"; //} if (saveFileName != "") { try { workbook.Saved = true; workbook.SaveCopyAs(saveFileName); //fileSaved = true; } catch (Exception ex) { //fileSaved = false; MessageBox.Show("导出文件时出错,文件可能正被打开!\n" + ex.Message); } } //else //{ // fileSaved = false; //} xlApp.Quit(); GC.Collect();//强行销毁 // if (fileSaved && System.IO.File.Exists(saveFileName)) System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(saveFileName); //打开EXCEL MessageBox.Show(fileName + "保存成功", "提示", MessageBoxButtons.OK); } #endregion 5万条数据性能测试 下面附上源码,里面有NPOI和普通导出excel的性能比较。 下载源码 如果您觉的文章不错,请点击推荐!

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