TooManyOpenFiles

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http://wiki.apache.org/hadoop/CouldOnlyBeReplicatedTo Too Many Open Files You can see this on Linux machines in client-side applications, server code or even in test runs. It is caused by per-process limits on the number of files that a single user/process can have open, which was introduced inthe 2.6.27 kernel. The default value, 128, was chosen because "that should be enough". In Hadoop, it isn't. To fix this log in/su/ssh as root and edit/etc/sysctl.conf add the line fs.epoll.max_user_instances = 20480 Then reboot. Different numbers may be chosen. There is an immediate shortcut: echo 2048 > /proc/sys/fs/epoll/max_user_instances . This setting will be lost on the next reboot, but is handy for trying out different values. limits.conf Another limit on the number of files open may be the file /etc/security/limits.conf It has a setting on the number of files a user or group may have,nofile. To set this, as root edit /etc/security/limits.conf and add a line such as * soft nofile 20480 * hard nofile 20480 Then restart terminal to take effect. To see the current/default limits, run the command ulimit -a. This should print something like core file size (blocks, -c) 0 data seg size (kbytes, -d) unlimited scheduling priority (-e) 20 file size (blocks, -f) unlimited pending signals (-i) 16382 max locked memory (kbytes, -l) 64 max memory size (kbytes, -m) unlimited open files (-n) 4096 pipe size (512 bytes, -p) 8 POSIX message queues (bytes, -q) 819200 real-time priority (-r) 0 stack size (kbytes, -s) 8192 cpu time (seconds, -t) unlimited max user processes (-u) unlimited virtual memory (kbytes, -v) unlimited file locks (-x) unlimited You can dynamically up the limits until the next reboot with the same command. Specifically ulimit -n 8192 The updated value can then be printed # ulimit -n 8192

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