Spring事务配置的五种方式

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本篇文章主要介绍了"Spring事务配置的五种方式",主要涉及到Spring事务配置的五种方式方面的内容,对于Spring事务配置的五种方式感兴趣的同学可以参考一下。

前段时间对Spring的事务配置做了比较深入的研究,在此之间对Spring的事务配置虽说也配置过,但是一直没有一个清楚的认识。通过这次的学习发觉Spring的事务配置只要把思路理清,还是比较好掌握的。     总结如下:     Spring配置文件中关于事务配置总是由三个组成部分,分别是DataSource、TransactionManager和代理机制这三部分,无论哪种配置方式,一般变化的只是代理机制这部分。     DataSource、TransactionManager这两部分只是会根据数据访问方式有所变化,比如使用Hibernate进行数据访问时,DataSource实际为SessionFactory,TransactionManager的实现为HibernateTransactionManager。     具体如下图:       根据代理机制的不同,总结了五种Spring事务的配置方式,配置文件如下:     第一种方式:每个Bean都有一个代理 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"     xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"     xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"     xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans            http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-2.5.xsd">     <bean id="sessionFactory"              class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">          <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:hibernate.cfg.xml" />          <property name="configurationClass" value="org.hibernate.cfg.AnnotationConfiguration" />     </bean>      <!-- 定义事务管理器(声明式的事务) -->      <bean id="transactionManager"         class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">         <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />     </bean>         <!-- 配置DAO -->     <bean id="userDaoTarget" class="com.bluesky.spring.dao.UserDaoImpl">         <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />     </bean>         <bean id="userDao"          class="org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionProxyFactoryBean">             <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->             <property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager" />             <property name="target" ref="userDaoTarget" />           <property name="proxyInterfaces" value="com.bluesky.spring.dao.GeneratorDao" />         <!-- 配置事务属性 -->          <property name="transactionAttributes">              <props>                  <prop key="*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>             </props>          </property>      </bean>  </beans> 第二种方式:所有Bean共享一个代理基类 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"     xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"     xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"     xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans            http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-2.5.xsd">     <bean id="sessionFactory"              class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">          <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:hibernate.cfg.xml" />          <property name="configurationClass" value="org.hibernate.cfg.AnnotationConfiguration" />     </bean>      <!-- 定义事务管理器(声明式的事务) -->      <bean id="transactionManager"         class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">         <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />     </bean>         <bean id="transactionBase"              class="org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionProxyFactoryBean"              lazy-init="true" abstract="true">          <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->          <property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager" />          <!-- 配置事务属性 -->          <property name="transactionAttributes">              <props>                  <prop key="*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>              </props>          </property>      </bean>           <!-- 配置DAO -->     <bean id="userDaoTarget" class="com.bluesky.spring.dao.UserDaoImpl">         <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />     </bean>         <bean id="userDao" parent="transactionBase" >          <property name="target" ref="userDaoTarget" />       </bean> </beans> 第三种方式:使用拦截器 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"     xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"     xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"     xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans            http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-2.5.xsd">     <bean id="sessionFactory"              class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">          <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:hibernate.cfg.xml" />          <property name="configurationClass" value="org.hibernate.cfg.AnnotationConfiguration" />     </bean>      <!-- 定义事务管理器(声明式的事务) -->      <bean id="transactionManager"         class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">         <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />     </bean>         <bean id="transactionInterceptor"          class="org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor">          <property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager" />          <!-- 配置事务属性 -->          <property name="transactionAttributes">              <props>                  <prop key="*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>              </props>          </property>      </bean>           <bean class="org.springframework.aop.framework.autoproxy.BeanNameAutoProxyCreator">          <property name="beanNames">              <list>                  <value>*Dao</value>             </list>          </property>          <property name="interceptorNames">              <list>                  <value>transactionInterceptor</value>              </list>          </property>      </bean>        <!-- 配置DAO -->     <bean id="userDao" class="com.bluesky.spring.dao.UserDaoImpl">         <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />     </bean> </beans> 第四种方式:使用tx标签配置的拦截器 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"     xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"     xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"     xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"     xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"     xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans            http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-2.5.xsd            http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-2.5.xsd">     <context:annotation-config />     <context:component-scan base-package="com.bluesky" />     <bean id="sessionFactory"              class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">          <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:hibernate.cfg.xml" />          <property name="configurationClass" value="org.hibernate.cfg.AnnotationConfiguration" />     </bean>      <!-- 定义事务管理器(声明式的事务) -->      <bean id="transactionManager"         class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">         <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />     </bean>     <tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">         <tx:attributes>             <tx:method name="*" propagation="REQUIRED" />         </tx:attributes>     </tx:advice>         <aop:config>         <aop:pointcut id="interceptorPointCuts"             expression="execution(* com.bluesky.spring.dao.*.*(..))" />         <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice"             pointcut-ref="interceptorPointCuts" />            </aop:config>      </beans> 第五种方式:全注解

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